Cattle Breeds:- Quadruped mammals of the family Bovine, cattle include cows, steers, bulls, and oxen. Their still disputed domestication was purported to be about 10,000 years ago, which was before other animals.
Identified by prehistoric paintings showing similarities, cows evolved from the now-extinct aurochs.
Domestic cow’s remnants date back to 6500 B.C. in Turkey and Near East. Early cattle provided meat, milk, and draft labor.
Eventually, horses and machinery replaced draft animals; today, they provide meat or dairy products.
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Top 10 Cattle Breeds
Brahman cattle originated in India, and through centuries of exposure to severe influences of the outer environment, these animals developed a number of adaptations for survival.
The first species arrived in America in the mid-1800s, and major breeding programs were fulfilled in the early 1900s.
Brahma Bulls have dark skin pigmentation and glossy hair, which permits them to withstand high temperatures. They have a distinctive hump at the base of the neck.
Actually, there is no telling, when exactly cattle keeping originated. Remains of livestock dating back to about 6500 B.C. have been discovered in the Middle East.
There are also grounds to believe, that livestock-keeping traditions appeared much earlier.
What’s more interesting, is the fact, that throughout these millenniums, cattle have been providing the same three basic purposes: milk, meat, and labor.
The Charollais sheep was produced in the 1800s in France by crossbreeding of a local Landrace breed with a British Leicester longwool species.
The sheep features an elongated body with a broad and muscular loin. The head is bare and pink/fawn in color.
Charollais are highly prolific and user-friendly, and they are very valuable from an economic point of view. Since 1994, these sheep are used in Canada for the production of terminal sires.
The Isle of Guernsey in the British Channel is believed to be the motherland of Guernsey Cows, which were shipped to it by Norman monks in around 960 B.C., who helped the natives cultivate the soil and fight against enemies.
Present-day Guernsey Cows have undergone significant changes due to artificial insemination.
It is notable, that these cows consume 30% less food than other species and produce a fairly large amount of milk.
Hereford Cows are among the most docile, undemanding, and adaptable species. They can accumulate considerable stocks of energy during the grazing season, which provide energy in winter.
They can be found all the way across the world, from arctic regions to Sub Tropical and Tropical areas of Latin and South America, Africa, and Australia, and in all places, they produce high-quality meat. The ease of calving and good health makes them economically profitable.
The Highland breed is very adaptable and strong, much because it appeared as the result of natural selection.
The breed originated in remote Scottish Highlands, with natural conditions so tough that only the most agile and adaptable could survive.
Despite this not-so-moderate weaning, the Highland is rather, if not proportionally, moderate in temperament.
They have a long coat, which is black in Kyloe division, and reddish in the other subspecies, which are smaller in size.
Holstein Cows are large in size, featuring white coloring with black or red large spots. Calves weigh around 90 pounds, and mature species reach 1500 pounds and are about 58 inches tall at the shoulder.
The breed originated in the Rhine Delta region about 2,000 years ago. Original species were introduced in the region by Batavian and Friesian tribesmen, who settled there at that time. Those Holstein-to-be cows were either black or white in color.
The Jersey breed originated on the Island of Jersey, a tiny island in the British Channel off the coast of France.
Nowadays, the breed can be found on all continents, except Antarctica, because it is highly climate adaptable.
Until recently, American breeders distinguished between Island-type cows, which were referred to as show cows, and American-type cows, raised for milk and butterfat production. Bulls are very sturdy and aggressive. Jerseys can be different shades of brown.
This is one of the oldest cattle breeds on earth, which was proven by newly discovered cave drawings, which depicted a resembling cow, dating back about 20,000 years ago.
The breed originated in what now is southwest France, in poorly vegetated and climatically unfavorable areas.
This contributed to the sturdiness and adaptability of the modern-day Limousin Cow. These cows feature golden-red coats and well-muscled forequarters.
Cattle-keeping has been around for as long as mankind learned to domesticate large animals and use them on an individual or extensive basis.
Livestock is an indicator of economic condition in the sphere of agriculture, and there are many breeds of cattle, which originated in certain places and are accustomed to various conditions.
They vary in appearance, milk and butterfat production, and maintenance. Some species are used as show animals.
Sheep have been used for many centuries, and they are involved both in the agriculture and wool industries.
There is still much uncertainty as to the origin of the domestic sheep, but many specialists are inclined toward its relationship with the mouflon.
The wool industry, as it has been proven by many pieces of historic evidence, has been around for over 6,000 years, and the multitude of purposes has resulted in the appearance of around 200 breeds.
Texas Longhorns are very strong and enduring, and they are excellent both on the beef market and show ring. They retain intelligence, ease of training, and usefulness even in old age.
Texas Longhorns arrived in Texas in the fifteenth century with Christopher Columbus and Spanish Conquistadors.
They throve until the turn of the century when massed slaughter and trade set the breed on the decline. In 1964, the Texas Longhorn Breeders Association was established.